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2 Tone

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2 Tone was the first revival of ska as it regained popularity in the late 1970s in Coventry, England. Many of the second wave ska bands were signed to a record label owned by Jerry Dammers of The Specials called 2 Tone Records, causing this unique subgenre of ska to be called “2 Tone”. 2 Tone combined the Jamaican melodies and rhythms with the rawness and aggression of punk rock. Compared to Jamaican ska, 2 Tone was faster, harder, and had fuller instrumentation. Many 2 Tone hits were actually just covers of songs by the original Jamaican ska artists, but it still became popular with skinheads, rudies and mod revivalists [1]. The late 70s were a time of racial tensions in Britain, and the 2 Tone movement helped promote racial unity through their music and multi-racial bands, such as The Specials, The Selecter, and The (English) Beat [1]. Other major 2 Tone bands included Madness, Bad Manners, and The Bodysnatchers. By the early 1980s, the popularity of 2 Tone had begun to fade, mostly as a result of the violence between the rude boys and skinheads that led to dance halls being wrecked and ska bands being blacklisted [2].

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Massot, Joe, Dir. Dance Craze. Prod. Gavrik Losey. Perf. Buster Bloodvessel, Suggs, Jerry Dammers, and Terry Hall. Chrysalis Records, 1981. Videocassette.
  2. Vanhoof, Ian. "History of SKA." Web. 13 Nov. 2009. <http://web.fccj.org/~ivanhoof/ska/index.html>.
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