California is a state on the west coast of the United States. Major and well known cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco, in addition to Sacramento, the state's capital. The state has an economy that rivals many small countries, ranking seventh in the world. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,253,956. Jerry Brown is the state's current governor.
California became part of the United States after the Mexican War. It was made a state in 1850. Beginning in 1848 the state experienced a large population growth due to the discovery of gold in Sutter's Mill, in present-day California. The people who relocated to the state to seek riches were called Forty-niners (for 1849, the year the gold rush gained popularity).
California is located in the southwestern United States, and is bordered by Mexico to the south. It shares a border with three U.S. states; Arizona and Nevada to the east, and Oregon to the north. California is home to a very diverse geography, with beaches, deserts, mountain ranges, forests, and urban sprawl, all within its borders.