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Carbon

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Carbon
Atomic symbol C
Atomic number 6
Atomic mass 12.01
Classification Nonmetal
Melting point 3550°C3,823.15 K
6,422 °F
6,881.67 °R
Boiling point 3825°C4,098.15 K
6,917 °F
7,376.67 °R
Density 2.267 g/cm³
Discovered in: prehistoric times

The element carbon is considered to be the basis of life as we know it. Carbon's unique bonding abilities allow it to form complex organic molecules that make the chemical reactions necessary for life possible. For example, carbon is an integral part of carbohydrates, amino acids, and enzymes.

Carbon may also form crystalline structures, an examples of which are diamond and graphite.

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