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England

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The flag of England

England is the largest constituent country of the United Kingdom, containing over 80% of its population but only half of its area. It consists of 41 counties.

England was unified in 927 AD by Athelstan. Over time, it conquered Wales and Ireland and incorporated them as parts of England. Upon the death of Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, the throne went to James VI of Scotland. However, the two realms were not officially united until 1707, when the Act of Union officially made them both parts of the United Kingdom.

Unlike the other three constituent countries, England has no central government. However, its unofficial capital city is London, where the Parliament of the United Kingdom sits. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Newcastle and Bristol.

Contents

List of Kings and Queens of England

The English coat of arms

Saxons

Normans

Plantagenets

Lancastrians

Yorkists

Tudors

Stuarts

For succeeding rulers, see under United Kingdom.

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