Gun control refers to government regulation or restrictions of firearms. Gun control laws can range from measures such as broad bans of whole classes of weapons, to minor laws such as background checks being required of would-be gun owners. Political views on gun control vary between countries. In some countries, large scale restrictions on ownership are almost universally supported. In others, some political groups disapprove of gun control.
Gun control in the United States
The United States has less gun control than most other developed countries.
The Second Amendment of the US Constitution states: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." Whether this refers to the rights of individual citizens to own guns or specifically to militias is debated, although the Supreme Court endorsed the former view in its decision of D.C. vs. Heller in 2008.
Two well-known gun control laws are the assault weapons ban passed under the Clinton administration, and the Washington, D.C. gun ban overturned in Washington D.C. v. Heller in early 2008.
Chicago has strict gun control laws by US standards, and Washington D.C. still does, though they are now somewhat more lenient than before D.C. v. Heller. There are also waiting periods and background checks.