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Josef Stalin

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Josef Vissarionovich Stalin
(Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин)
Born 18 December 1878 Gori, Georgia
Died 5 March 1953
Religious affiliation Marxism
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Josef Vissarionovich Stalin[note 1] (1878—1953)[note 2] was a Bolshevik revolutionary who fought in the October Revolution and was dictator of the Soviet Union.

He was born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili (იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი in the Georgian alphabet). He was raised in the Georgian Orthodox Church, and attended seminary for some time, but was expelled, and abandoned the religion of his upbringing in favour of atheistic Marxism.


  1. His first name is sometimes given as Josef and other times as Joseph. Both are correct; they represent different approaches to transliterating Russian into English.
  2. Historical sources are inconsistent as to whether Stalin was born in 1878 or 1879. His baptismal and school records indicate he was born in 1878, but he later claimed to have been born in 1879 instead; it is unclear which of the two is correct.
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