Mauritania is a country in northwestern Africa. As of a July 2013 estimate, the population was 3,437,610.
Nouakchott is the national capital and largest city of Mauritania.
Arabic is the official language. French and Berber languages are also spoken.
Mauritania is bordered by Western Sahara (claimed by Morocco) and Algeria to the north, Mali to the east and south, Senegal to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.