New York is a state within the United States of America. It is located in the northeastern United States and is sometimes considered a part of New England. The state is bordered by Canada and Lake Ontario to the north; Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east; Pennsylvania and New Jersey to the south, and Lake Erie to the west. Historically, the state was part of the original 13 colonies. The capital of New York is Albany and its largest city is New York City.
The state has a generally hilly terrain with areas of mountains, most notably the Catskills in the south and the Adirondack Mountains to the north and east. The state has a combined area of 47,213.79 square miles.
As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,378,102. According to the 2007 population estimate, the average density was 401.9 persons per square mile. The population make up was (in order of the US Census): 73.6% White, 17.3% Black, 0.5% American Indian and Alaskan Native, 6.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 1.5% reporting two or more races, and 16.4% Hispanic or Latino.