One world government
One world government refers to the idea of a central government whose authority extends across the entirety of this planet. The idea is generally that the many countries of the world would join together in a federation under one central government, similar to how federal states such as the United States, Australia, Canada or Switzerland were formed.
There are a number of variants of this idea:
- The most common proponents of this idea adhere to liberal internationalism. Commonly, they believe in a strengthened United Nations evolving into a world government. It is frequently suggested that the United Nations be supplemented with a directly elected parliamentary assembly, to give the UN authority independent of member states. They support international law as paramount over national law, and see it evolving into a single global legal system, with individual citizens having direct access to international courts with the power to overrule national legislation.
- Another viewpoint believes that world government must be preceeded by continental or regional government. This viewpoint supports the strengthening of the European Union, and the duplication of the EU model in other regions of the world. It looks to the EU as the most advanced state of supranational integration in the world today. Once the world has been organized into regional or continental governments, then world government can be established as a federation of these regional governments.
- There are other viewpoints which expect the formation of a world government, but do not look forward to the idea. Many premillennialist Christians believe that, at the end of the world, a one world government will be established under the rule of the Antichrist. Whereas liberal internationalists see one world government as a good thing, and see the early signs of its development as a positive, many premillennialists see those early signs as evidence that we are approaching the End Times. The idea of one world government is frequently linked with that of one world religion.
- Some conspiracy theorists allege that shadowy groups of conspirators are secretly working towards New World Order including a one world government. Frequently, these conspiracy theorists are linked to the premillennialist idea of the endtimes rule of the Antichrist, although they can also take non-religious forms. The identities of the alleged conspirators vary, but the Trilateral Commission, the Council of Foreign Relations, the Bilderbergers, the Club of Rome. Sometimes these ideas are linked to anti-semitism, and it is claimed that the conspiracy is specifically Jewish. This conspiracy theory has been advocated by the John Birch Society, among other groups.
- Some have viewed one world government as the outcome of world conquest (by an individual such as Hitler) or the inevitable triumph of a particular political project (e.g. global communism revolution).
- Realist approaches to international relations see liberal internationalist proposals for one world government as wishful thinking, which are centuries away from fruition, if they ever will be.