|Influenced By||Smokey Robinson, Everly Brothers, Ravi Shankar, The Supremes, Bob Dylan, Gene Vincent, Little Richard, The Beach Boys, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Roy Orbison, Elvis Presley, Eddie Cochran, Phil Spector, Carl Perkins, Fats Domino|
|Influenced||The Who, Led Zeppelin, The Stooges, The Damned, Queen, Jimi Hendrix|
The Beatles were an outstandingly successful and influential pop group from Liverpool in England. They were active from around 1962 until the end of the decade, during which time they recorded countless songs that are today considered classics and achieved a popularity that has seldom if ever been matched by a musical act. Perhaps even more impressively, they managed to combine immense popular appeal with tireless musical innovation, bringing a succession of original melodic, harmonic, structural and instrumental ideas to the pop music genre and contributing greatly to the development of the long-playing record as a cultural artifact.
The four Beatles were:
- Paul McCartney (vocals and bass guitar)
- John Lennon (vocals and guitar)
- George Harrison (vocals and guitar)
- Ringo Starr (vocals and drums)
The two principle songwriters were John Lennon and Paul McCartney. During the early days of the group the two wrote jointly, but as the band's career progressed they began to write alone, contributing only minor changes and suggestions to each other's compositions. Despite this, all songs written by either Beatle were always credited to 'Lennon/McCartney'. George Harrison was allowed to contribute one song per side of each album (so two on most Beatles albums), and has been recognised as an excellent songwriter in his own right, despite being inevitably overshadowed by his colleagues. Ringo Starr also wrote the occasional song, and was allowed to sing lead vocals on one song on each Beatles album.