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Turkey is a country situated on the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia, the majority of the country being on a peninsula north of the Levant, but a small area including Istanbul being on the other side of the Bosphorus. Turkey has land borders with Bulgaria,Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Georgia and coasts on the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital city is Ankara, although Istanbul is larger[1].


An important ally of the United States of America in the Middle East, Turkey is a member of NATO[2] despite not being near the Atlantic. It also wants to join the European Union despite being mostly outside Europe; its aspirations in this direction are controversial, not least because of the ongoing dispute between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.


Turkey is a secular state where the majority of people are Muslims. However, Turkey was very important during the early days of the Christian church: several church councils including the Council of Nicea were held there, and all seven of the churches addressed in the Book of Revelation were located there[3]. Mount Ararat, where Noah's Ark came to rest, is in Turkey. Several of St Paul's epistles included in the New Testament are addressed to early Christians in what is now Turkey, including Galatians and Ephesians.


  1. Turkey: Provinces and cities
  2. Nato: Member countries
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